What is Bullying?
Definition of bullying
Bullying is any behaviour by an individual or group that:
- Is deliberately meant to cause harm- the person or people doing the bullying know what they are doing and mean to do it.
- It happens more than once - there is a pattern of behaviour, not just a ‘one off’ incident
- It involves an imbalance of power - the person/people being bullied will usually find it very hard to defend themselves.
Types of Bullying
- Physical, e.g., Kicking, hitting, taking and damaging property
- Verbal; e.g. name calling, taunting, offensive remarks, teasing
- Relational; e.g. gossiping, spreading rumours, excluding from social groups
- Cyber; e.g. text messages, emails, instant messaging (Snapchat, WhatsApp), picture/video bullying
- Prejudice based; e.g. related to sex, gender, sexual orientation, race, religion, special educational needs or disability.
Signs and Symptoms of Bullying
A child may indicate by signs or behaviour that he or she is being bullied. Adults should be aware of these possible signs and should investigate if a child:
- is frightened of walking to or from school
- doesn’t want to go on the bus
- begs to be driven to school
- changes their usual routine
- is unwilling to go to school (school phobic)
- begins to truant
- becomes withdrawn anxious, or lacking in confidence
- starts stammering
- attempts or threatens suicide or runs away
- cries themselves to sleep at night or has nightmares
- feels ill in the morning
- begins to do poorly in school work
- comes home with clothes torn or books damaged
- has possessions which are damaged or “go missing”
- asks for money or starts stealing money (to pay bully)
- has dinner or other monies continually “lost”
- has unexplained cuts or bruises
- comes home starving (lunch/money has been stolen)
- becomes aggressive, disruptive or unreasonable
- is bullying other children or siblings
- stops eating
- is frightened to say what’s wrong
- gives improbable excuses for any of the above
- is afraid to use the internet or mobile phone
- is nervous and jumpy when a cyber message is received.
Support and Advice
Tel: 0800 11111
Tel: KIDSCAPE Parents Helpline (Mon-Fri, 10- 4) 0845 1 205 204
Tel: Parentline Plus 0808 800 2222
Useful Links and Documents
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